When purchasing Cannabidiol (CBD), it helps to know about the different types of CBD products and which one works best for you. The three types of CBD made from hemp (the Cannabis Sativa plant) – CBD isolate, full-spectrum CBD and
Full-spectrum CBD (also called whole plant CBD) contains all of the properties, phytochemicals, and a nearly identical cannabinoid profile to the hemp plant. “The hemp plant naturally contains over 100 cannabinoids that, similar to CBD, provide their own unique benefit. …Scientists have found that plant components interact with one another to create an enhanced effect (compared to the component alone).”*
The different types of cannabinoids in the hemp plant include CBD, CBN, CBG, CBC, and more than 100 others. This includes a detectable amount of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that is less than 0.3% as stated by the law. The small amount of THC doesn’t cause a high, but if you use this product regularly, THC may be detected in a drug test.
Because full-spectrum CBD contains almost all the nutrients of the hemp plant, you receive the full benefits of the plant. This also means you avoid the bell-shaped dose-response curve. It “is a visual representation of how certain stimuli—in this
“Most full-spectrum CBD oils will contain vitamins A, C, and E along with complex B vitamins such as niacin, riboflavin, and thiamine. An increasing number of people don’t consume beta-carotene, but it is abundant in full-spectrum oil. Essential minerals contained in full spectrum hemp extract include zinc, potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus.”***
Since these products contain the whole CBD plant, they are the least processed type of CBD products. They may also
Broad Spectrum CBD
When a product contains several of the different cannabinoids, terpenes, and other phytochemicals in the hemp plant, but no detectable THC, this product is called broad spectrum CBD. The number of cannabinoids, terpenes and other nutrients varies in each brand. Some broad spectrum CBD products start with a CBD isolate and then terpenes, other cannabinoids, and phytochemicals get added back in to make the final product.
Less research on the benefits of broad spectrum CBD has been done compared to full-spectrum CBD and CBD isolates. However, if you are concerned about THC, broad spectrum CBD may be the product for you. Because it contains many of the properties of the hemp plant, you may receive more benefits from these products than those made from a CBD isolate.
Hemp processed in a way that nearly 100% CBD remains is the last of the different types of CBD products called a CBD isolate. The products made from a CBD Isolate contain no terpenes, additional cannabinoids, and other plant components found in the hemp plant. Therefore, these products also contain no detectable THC. Since these products contain only CBD, people have fewer sensitivity problems like allergic reactions, interaction with medications, etc. If you need to take a high dosage of CBD, many experts recommend a CBD isolate over the other types of CBD.
“With CBD isolate, there is no guesswork. You know exactly what you’re getting: cannabidiol and nothing else. Some brands will add terpenes back into the mix to provide natural hemp flavor but for the most part, isolates are made with CBD alone. For that reason, CBD isolate can make it easier to achieve the exact dosage that works for you without having to guess if there are other ingredients diluting your dose.“**
Because the CBD isolate has no flavor or odor, it works well in edibles and topical products. When using a topical CBD product, many people get good results from the CBD
“One of the most important studies relating to full-spectrum CBD oil took place at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem in 2015. It compared the performance of a full-spectrum cannabis extract with one that contained CBD only. The study concluded that, in mice, the full spectrum extract was more effective for pain and inflammation. In fact, scientists claimed that the whole plant cannabis extract was “ideal for clinical uses” as compared to isolated CBD.”*** For some people CBD isolates products work very well, while others get better results from the other types of CBD products containing more components of the hemp plant including THC.
Final Thoughts on the CBD Types
Always refer to the manufacturer’s Certificates of Analysis (COA) from an independent lab to find out how much CBD, additional cannabinoids and THC are detectable in the product before purchasing it. Some manufacturers claim to be a particular type of CBD. However, the COA results show you if the product is a CBD isolate, containing only CBD, broad spectrum with no THC or full-spectrum with less than 0.3% THC. Also, check the COA to ensure it is organic – not containing contaminants like mold, heavy metals, or pesticides.
It is best to talk with your physician before using CBD. “Again, it is important to have a conversation with your primary physician because while generally well tolerated, CBD oil can interact with popular medications like certain antidepressants and antibiotics.”** Also, some of the carrier oils can interfere with prescription medications like safflower and grape seed oil.
Because everyone reacts differently to CBD, please give yourself time to experiment with doses and the different types of CBD products.
Want more information about CBD? Come into Seeds of Wellness to learn about our products and their benefits. Also, check out our other blog posts about CBD:
* “Whole Plant Hemp and CBD Isolate: What Is the Difference?” on Made By Hemp
** “What’s the Difference? CBD Isolate vs. Full-Spectrum CBD Oil” on CBD Oil Review
*** “What Actually Is Full-Spectrum CBD Oil?” by Jeff Yauck on MarijuanaBreak